Chalchiuhtlicue was highly revered in Aztec culture at the time of the Spanish conquest and she was an important deity figure in the Postclassic Aztec realm of central Mexico. As a fertility goddess, she portrays the Aztec ideal of fertile young womanhood. In the Codex Borgia, Chalchiuhtlicue is wearing a serpent headdress and dress ornaments with the same markings as Tlaloc, and her half-moon nose ornament is the serpent itself, marked with stripes and dots. Although she was not malicious, Chalchiuhtlicue had the power to destroy the entire world. She did just that during her brief reign as the fourth sun of the world. She also served as the sun of the fourth age, although a jealous Tezcatlipoca taunted her and caused her to cry herself from the sky. Chalchiuhtlicue, Aztec goddess of rivers, lakes, streams, and other freshwaters. She is the tutelary deity of the fourth of the thirteen heavens identified at the time of the Spanish conquest, Ilhuicatl Citlalicue (the heaven of the star-skirted goddess). In another, they worked together to tear apart a monster called Tlaltcuhtli and create the land and its features from her body. Some scholars believe that she also lives on in contemporary Mexican folklore. Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico: water goddess. Her waters had healing properties and she was regarded as the patron god of newborn children and the sick.3 She was usually depicted kneeling and wearing a headdress with tassels on either side of her head.4 People sayshe dresses in blues or greens decorated with water lilies. Five of the twenty big celebrations in the Aztec calendar were dedicated to Chalchiutlicue and her husband (or brother), Tlaloc. Chalchiuhtlicue belongs to a … She was also known for creating whirlpools and big storms making water navigation tricky. She was married to Tezcatlipoca, the Aztec … This generosity, however, masked a real danger. Personification of youthful beauty, vitality and violence. Featuring strongly in creation mythology, Chalchiuhtlicue presided over the fourth of the world ages which terminated in a great deluge. Frequently portrayed Aztec deities are fertility goddesses, which include the water goddess Chalchiuhtlicue ("she of the jade skirt") depicted here. The festival was conducted in and around the lagoons, with some objects ritually deposited within the lagoons, and events involved fasting, feasting, and auto-sacrifice on the part of the priests. She has black lines on her face and usually wears a jade nose-plug. Chicomecoatl was a goddess of “plenty”, and was an Aztec version of the triple goddess. According to the myth of the Five Suns, the world was in its fifth era of creation. Chalchiuhtlicue was a naturally nurturing and good-natured goddess. The world was drowned in her deluge of tears. Deaths associated with water were so common that they had their own afterlife. In some illustrations she is shown holding the head of Tlazolteotl, thegoddess of the witches, between her legs. The arid climate of much of Mexico makes water especially precious, but it also increases the risks of flash floods. ThoughtCo, Aug. 28, 2020, thoughtco.com/chalchiuhtlicue-goddess-170327. Her name means "Woman of the Jade Skirt," or "Lady Precious Green Stone Skirt." She is depicted with water-lilies, dressed in watery blues and greens, and sometimes has quetzal-feathers in Her hair. In the Aztec creation myth of the Five Suns, Chalchiuhtlicue presided over the fourth sun, or creation, in her aspect as goddess of streams and standing water… 6 juil. Unable to stir Chalchiuhtlicue to the same anger that had gripped the other sun gods, he used her soft heart against her. Tlaloc the Aztec God of Rain and Fertility, The Founding of Tenochtitlan and the Origin of the Aztecs, Tonatiuh, the Aztec God of the Sun, Fertility and Sacrifice, Tlaltecuhtli - The Monstrous Aztec Goddess of the Earth, Top 10 Things to Know About the Aztecs and Their Empire, Aztec Sacrifice - The Meaning and Practice of Mexica Ritual Killings, The Aztec Religion and Gods of the Ancient Mexica, The Chac Mool Sculptures of Ancient Mexico, Quetzalcoatl - Pan-Mesoamerican Feathered Serpent God, History of Animal and Plant Domestication, The Rules of Construction of an Aztec Deity: Chalchiuhtlicue, the Goddess of Water, Water Symbols and Eye Rings in the Mexican Codices, Ph.D., Anthropology, University of California Riverside, M.A., Anthropology, University of California Riverside. She is the elder sister or consort to Tlaloc, the rain god. Tezcatlipoca and Quetzalcoatl had to become giant trees to hold them up until Chalchiuhtlicue’s flood receded. Chalchiuhtlicue was not malicious or hateful. Engraving depicting the Aztec Sun God Huitzilopochtli. See more ideas about aztec, aztec art, goddess. Her name means "Woman of the Jade Skirt," or "Lady Precious Green Stone Skirt." She was one of the most important deities, as protector of childbirth and newborns. Goddess of storms and water. People know her as Ahuic when she’s the goddess of running streams, rivers and beaches. She was sometimes said to be the wife of Tlaloc, the rain god. She showed great love for her people and made the land fertile and rich for their benefit. Instead, she was deadly because of the very emotions that made her so kind. During these ceremonies, the Aztecs performed many rituals, usually on the mountain tops, where they sacrificed children. Chalchiuhtlicue was also the patroness of childbirth and a protector of newborn babies. She is the elder sister or consort to Tlaloc, the rain god. Chalchiuhtlicue was an important goddess in the Aztec religion. The La Llorona ghost story has another connection in that the spirit, like Chalchiuhtlicue, is said to be maternal. She began to cry and, being a water goddess, could not stop. She was one of the most important deities, as protector of childbirth and newborns. She was seen as a positive source who brought full irrigation canals for growing maize when she was associated with the corn goddess Xilonen. As a goddess of water, Chalchiuhtlicue had both life-giving and destructive aspects. Teotihuacan Aztec Empire Tlalocan Chalchiuhtlicue, bonfire water, culture, religion, divinity png Chalchihuihtotolin Chalchihuihtotolin, the Jewelled Fowl, a nagual of Tezcatlipoca, symbol of powerful sorcery. Nov 3, 2014 - Chalchiuhtlicue, Aztec Goddess of water and fertility from the World Goddess Oracle by Thalia Took. https://www.thoughtco.com/chalchiuhtlicue-goddess-170327 (accessed January 23, 2021). As a female water deity, Chalchiuhtlicue was even more closely linked to human fertility. In Aztec mythology, she played a key role in the Mexica version of the deluge myth. She governed the waters of the oceans, springs, and lakes, and as such she appeared in both positive and negative guises. My work has also been published on Buzzfeed and most recently in Time magazine. The gods had made the world four previous times before this age. She is said to reside in the mountains, releasing her water when it is appropriate: different Aztec communities associated her with different mountains. Maestri, Nicoletta. A list of deities from Aztec mythology. She was one of the most important deities, as protector of childbirth and newborns. Chalchiuhtlicue (Chal-CHEE-ooh-tlee-quay), whose name means "She of the Jade Skirt," is the Aztec goddess of water as it collects on the earth, such as rivers and oceans, and so was considered by the Aztecs (1110–1521 CE) as the patroness of navigation. A goddess of abundance, Chicomecoatl presides over the fields – over corn and agriculture. Her waters were said to have healing properties, and she served as the patron goddess of both newborns and the sick. Tezcatlipoca, however, taunted her and claimed that her good nature was a ruse. Chalchiuhtlicue was the goddess of water & storms. The people of the fourth age turned into fish to survive. Keep reading to find out how the loving goddess of water failed the world as the sun! Like other water deities, she … There were many Aztec Gods and Aztec Goddesses. Chalchiuhtlicue (Chal-CHEE-ooh-tlee-quay), whose name means "She of the Jade Skirt," is the Aztec goddess of water as it collects on the earth, such as rivers and oceans, and so was considered by the Aztecs (1110-1521 CE) as the patroness of navigation. She takes the role of a … Associated with the group of stars known as the pleiades. As the goddess of the fourth sun, Chalchiuhtlicue showed that water can be as destructive as it is life-giving. But she also became the patroness of navigation and was believed to have been the protector of women in labor and their new-born babies. She was primarily a goddess of freshwater, thus her domain included lakes, rivers, and streams. Chalchiuhtlicue to Xolotl Sometimes new-born children are portrayed floating in this water flow. Unlike him, however, she was associated with groundwater instead of falling rain. To achieve this goal, I have chosen Chalchiuhtlicue, the Aztec goddess who represented and incarnated water: Chalchiuhtli icue, in ipan mixehua atl (Florentine Codex [Anderson and Dibble 1950–1982:bk. The association with water, drowning, and tears draw obvious parallels between these figures and Chalchiuhtlicue. Additionally, she was also the patroness of childbirth and a … Tlaloc is her consort in the world of water. Chalchihuitlcue is the whirlpool, the wind on the waters, all young and growing things, the beginning of life and creation. Int he Aztec creation myth, Chalchiuhtlicue was the fourth of the five suns that had ruled over the world. As a water goddess, she was vital to all aspects of life. She was represented as a river from which grew a prickly pear cactus laden with fruit, symbolizing the human heart. The goddess Chalchiuhtlicue is often depicted in pre-Columbian and colonial period books called codices as wearing a blue-green skirt, as her name illustrates, from which flows a long and abundant stream of water. Chicomecoatl: Aztec Triple Goddess. One of the most important Aztec goddesses was named Chalchiuhtlicue which literally means "she of the jade skirt". The story shows Chalchiuhtlicue’s role as both a loving and dangerous goddess. 4, p. 99]), from the verb ipan mixehua,to“repre-sent” or “personify,” as used in a group of synonyms together She's the mother of lakes, streams, and rivers. 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