Collins and Hodges made no plans to capture the hydroelectric and flood-control dams on the river, just inside the forest. section in the near future. Gray skies hung low and a steady drizzle dripped through the tall, dense fir trees near the German-Belgian border on the morning of Thursday, November 16, 1944, during the Battle of Hürtgen Forest. Each rifle company went into action averaging 162 soldiers. Eventually, the 1st, 4th, 8th, 9th, and There were no strategic gains or operational values. The offensive as undertaken placed the American forces at a severe disadvantage in the forest. The Battle of Hürtgen Forest (German: Schlacht im Hürtgenwald) was a series of fierce battles fought from 19 September 1944 to 10 February 1945 between U.S. and German forces during World War II in the Hürtgen Forest about 50 sq mi (130 km 2) east of the Belgian–German border.It was the longest battle on German ground during World War II, and is the longest single battle … It was added in Update 1.49 "Weapons of Victory".As the name suggests the map is set in the Hürtgen Forest; a roughly 50 square miles (130 km2) in area in the west of Germany, near the Belgium-Germany border. General J. Lawton Collins, dashing commander of the U.S. VII Corps, a veteran of Guadalcanal and liberator of Cherbourg, called Hürtgen a “green hell,” while Maj. Gen. James M. Gavin, the youthful, gallant commander of the 82nd Airborne Division, characterized the forest as an “ice-coated moloch with an insatiable appetite.”. More detailed information on the American So, a total of 128,749 U.S. soldiers were lost as battle and and daily handling thousands of sick and wounded soldiers. As artillery volleys thumped occasionally in the distance, small groups of chilled soldiers ventured out from the forward foxholes and bunkers of German General Hans Schmidt’s 275th Infantry Division, scouting for signs of an expected American attack. "It is foolish and wrong to mourn the men who died. Battle of Hürtgen Forest, also known as Hürtgen Forest, or simply Hürtgen is a ground forces map available in all modes. Battle Of The Hurtgen Forest-The Hürtgen Forest, located on the border between Germany and Belgium, was an area of about 129 square kilometers wide, completely wooded.And it was the scene of a battle of great historical significance: the well-known battle of the Hürtgen forest. By September 1944, the Allied offensive in Western Europe had swept from the Normandy beaches all the way to the West Wall, or Siegfried Line, the formidable defensive position along the German border consisting of concrete bunkers fronted by antitank obstacles. The Battle of Huertgen Forest occurred from September 1944 to February 1945 when the US 1st Army launched an offensive towards the Rhine River in the forested Hurtgenwald area near Aachen, Germany.The German forces in the Hurtgenwald, commanded by Field Marshal Walter Model, intended to defend Germany to the last man, holding the American assaults back and … First and Ninth U.S. The rugged Vosges Mountains in northeastern France formed a traditional defensive barrier, while the Siegfried Line and the River Rhine comprised a significant obstacle to the Allied forces. Battalion and Combat Command R, 5th Armored Division, were all heavily engaged in the First U.S. Army had 50,867 and the Ninth U.S. Army had 20,787, for a total of June-31 December 1944, Report The book also explains, in painful detail, why the Battle of the Hürtgen Forest is so little known: it is considered the greatest failure of leadership of US troops in Europe during World War II. The Battle of Hürtgen Forest was a campaign that could and should have been avoided—a campaign of prolonged and bitter attrition in … actually engaged three separate times. once in September and then again in October, and its 47th Infantry Regiment was The Battle of Hürtgen Forest (German: Schlacht im Hürtgenwald) was a series of fierce battles fought from 19 September to 16 December 1944, between American and German forces on the Western Front during World War II, in the Hürtgen Forest, a 140 km2 (54 sq mi) area about 5 km (3.1 mi) east of the Belgian–German border. the Communications Zone for care. The former said later, “If we would have turned loose of the Hürtgen and let the Germans roam there, they could have hit my flank.”. The area surrounding the Battle of Hürtgen Forest encompassed about 50 square miles of rugged, densely wooded terrain along the German-Belgian border south of Aachen, the first major German city to fall to the Allies. The Germans employed tree bursts, which exploded well above the soldiers’ heads, resulting in a shower of shrapnel and shredded tree limbs. MEDICAL MEMOIRS As the battle for the Huertgen Forest neared its end, the massive Nazi attack that became immortalized as the Battle of the Bulge (December 16) exploded into Belgium Also, as a purely American affair, the Huertgen Forest campaign has been largely overlooked by British military historians who dominated much of the postwar scholarship." The “Double Deucer” Regiment had landed at Utah Beach with Maj. Gen. Raymond O. With this battle, the war precipitated by the Nazi regime returned to Germany. U.S. Army suffered very significant battle casualties, missing in action and Armies This Thanksgiving, no American warriors were … fighting. More detailed information on the American casualties of the divisions engaged in the fighting in the H?rtgen Forest will be added to this section in the near future. Front line medical [4] The battles took place from 19 September to … Moody and prone to depression, Lanham was described by some soldiers as brilliant but “crazy as hell,” while one officer said he wanted to win the war all by himself. efficiently to move the casualties from the divisions to rear area hospitals in The 9th Infantry Division was involved twice, The Germans had jammed open the floodgates. One soldier fell for every two yards gained. Overview. Forest was but one part of the overall Siegfried Line campaign during which the The Ninth U.S. Army's battle losses totaled approximately 10,056. On the 10 th of February, the Americans took the dam, but it was already too late. Artillery-damaged trees during the Battle of Hürtgen Forest. It was the longest battle on German ground … The first engagements during the Battle of Hürtgen Forest were fought by Brig. Nearly half of the 2,517 casualties … During the autumn and winter of 1944/45, the longest battle of the Second World War on German soil took place in the Hürtgen Forest. Battle of Huertgen Forest The longest battle of the Second World War on German soil During the autumn and winter of 1944/45, the longest battle of the Second World War on German soil took place in the Huertgen Forest. In their haste to enter Germany, the Americans underestimated this major obstacle on the path to the Roer River, the strongly defended forest with its dense trees, deep ravines, and lack of roads. Accessibility/Section 508 | Web Accessibility | USA.gov | FOIA Requests | Last Modified 02/18/2010 Artillery-damaged trees during the Battle of Hürtgen Forest. AMEDD UNIT PATCHES AND LINEAGE The area was thickly laced with mines, barbed wire, and concealed pillboxes with interlocking fields of fire. Captain William S. Boice, one of its chaplains, called the 22nd Regiment “a fighting machine trained to an efficiency not matched at any time during the war.” Its motto was “Deeds, Not Words,” and it would be awarded a Distinguished Unit Citation. It was also one of the most heavily fortified areas of the Siegfried Line, some 200 square miles of dense woods, deep ravines, and high ridges. AMEDD MEDAL OF HONOR RECIPIENTS It would be their last hot meal for 18 days. Corps of the First U.S. Army became one of the most costly and controversial In a battle many believed mattered little in the big picture, the 22d suffered 2,773 casualties, or 85% of its normal complement of 3,257 soldiers, to take one village and 6,000 yards of forest. But, seasoned and with high morale, it was rated one of the best infantry regiments in the U.S. Army. fortifications of Adolf Hitler's West ORGANIZATIONAL HISTORIES Wall,  With this battle, the war precipitated by the Nazi regime returned to Germany. The scrappy Lanham led from the front to the point of foolhardiness and expected his junior officers to do the same. So, a total of 128,749 U.S. soldiers were lost as battle and nonbattle casualties during the campaign. Gen. Maurice Rose’s 3rd Armored Division in September 1944. Rather we should thank God that such men lived." During its operations in early November in the The U.S. Army's fight to take the H?rtgen Only a mile away, men of the U.S. 22nd Infantry Regiment’s rifle and weapons companies rolled up their blankets and ate breakfast. They were starting 18 days of hell in the Hürtgen Forest “meat-grinder.” Famed novelist Ernest Hemingway, a friend of Colonel Lanham and a correspondent for Collier’s magazine, described the Battle of Hürtgen Forest as “Passchendaele with tree bursts.” He was recalling the grim Western Front battle of 1917 in which British and Canadian troops suffered 300,000 casualties in gaining a five-mile-deep salient. Anxious to move quickly through the West Wall, Major General J. Lawton Collins, commander of the First Armys VII Corps, plotted an a… German Ardennes offensive in mid-December and provides the Medical Service First U.S. Army combat losses totaled 47,039. --Jacket 28th Infantry Divisions, 2d Ranger Battalion, and 46th Armored Infantry captured, and disease and nonbattle losses. better known to Allied soldiers as "the Siegfried Line. This Web site provides an introduction to the Office of Medical History. The Battle of Hürtgen Forest from 2 - 12 November 1944 (American and German forces battle on Germany’s western border) was a series of battles fought between German and American forces in Hürtgen Forest. In the end, the Nazis would manage to hold off the Allies even though Berlin was clearly losing the war. HISTORICAL ART WORK & IMAGES Denied the chance to fight a maneuver battle, US armor in the Huertgen Forest suffered heavy casualties. The region provided a shortcut for the Allies to penetrate Germany. 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