(July 1, 2019). Please log in to access our additional functions, *Duration: 12 months, billed annually, single license, The ideal entry-level account for individual users. In 1916, the British and French intended to launch a large-scale offensive along the Somme River. The Somme battlefield: the longest 10 miles in history The Tyneside Irish Brigade of the 34th Division suffered some of the worst casualties on the first day of the Battle of the Somme ", The Independent, Number of casualties during the first day of fighting in the Battle of the Somme in 1916 Statista, https://www.statista.com/statistics/1022431/casualty-statistics-first-day-battle-somme-1916/ (last visited January 23, 2021), Number of casualties during the first day of fighting in the Battle of the Somme in 1916, Turnover of European companies in the defense industry 2010-2019, Turnover of the aerospace and defense industry in Europe by sector 2015-2019, Turnover of the defense industry in the UK 2014-2019, Number of people employed in the defense industry in the UK 2010-2019, Value of defense exports by sector from the United Kingdom (UK) 2014-2019, UK: market share of defense exports by the UK and competitors 2010-2019, Turnover for aerospace, defense, security and space industries in the UK 2014-2019, Defense spending by type in the UK 2019/20, Public expenditure on defense R&D in the United Kingdom (UK) 2013-2019, United Kingdom (UK) military expenditure from 2000-2019, Dependency of defense suppliers on MOD business in the United Kingdom (UK) 2005-2020, Babcock International: annual revenue 2011-2020, Underlying revenue of Rolls Royce's defense aerospace sector 2013-2019, Revenue by sector of the Chemring Group 2018-2020, Costs indices for weapons and ammunition from in the United Kingdom from 2012-2019, Export value of weapons and ammunition from the United Kingdom 2015-2020, Import value of weapons and ammunition in the United Kingdom 2015-2020, Weapons and ammunition: sales value in the United Kingdom (UK) 2008-2019, Shotguns and rifles: sales value in the United Kingdom (UK) 2008 to 2019, Shotguns and rifles: sales volume in the United Kingdom (UK) 2008-2019, Spring or air weapons: sales value in the United Kingdom (UK) 2008-2019, Spring or air weapons: sales volume in the United Kingdom (UK) 2008-2019, Casualties from the first day of the Battle of the Somme 1916, Royal Flying Corps aerial attack statistics from the Battle of the Somme in 1916, British RFC reconnaissance statistics from the Battle of the Somme in 1916, Number of British airmen and casualties at the Battle of the Somme in 1916, British aircraft statistics from the Battle of the Somme in 1916, British artillery and heavy guns at the Battle of the Somme in 1916, Number of votes cast in U.S. presidential elections 1824-2020, Voter turnout in U.S. presidential and midterm elections 1789-2020, Votes for presidential impeachment in the U.S. senate in 1868, 1998 and 2021, Top goal scorers in English football's First Division / Premier League, 1888-2021, Number of countries with women in highest position of executive power 1960-2021, Highest grossing movie worldwide, annually 1915-2020, Share of electoral and popular votes by each United States president 1789-2020, Length of reign of British monarchs from the House of Windsor 1901-2021, Number of foreign languages spoken by U.S. presidents 1789-2021, Length of reign of British monarchs 827-2021, Days taken for the losing candidate conceded the U.S. presidential election 1896-2020, Share of total population who voted in U.S. presidential elections 1824-2020, Length of reign of British monarchs 1702-2021, Number of United States military fatalities in major wars 1775-2021, Longest voting streak by each state in U.S. presidential elections 1789-2020, Find your information in our database containing over 20,000 reports, Tools and Tutorials explained in our Media Centre. Learn more about how Statista can support your business. Please authenticate by going to "My account" → "Administration". The French Third Republic started the Battle of the Somme with 330,000 troops. Please do not hesitate to contact me. battle of somme, The first day of the Battle of the Somme, 1 July 1916, saw the heaviest loss of life in a single day’s fighting in British military history. (For details on… This feature is limited to our corporate solutions. The Somm… After the war, a final tally showed that 419,654 British and 204,253 French were killed, wounded, or taken prisoner; of the 623,907 total ca… But there was no question of suspending the offensive with the French still heavily engaged at Verdun. Mines had been detonated. The Battle of the Somme, also known as the Somme Offensive, was a battle of the First World War fought by the armies of the British Empire and French Third Republic against the German Empire. With the beginning of the Battle of Verdun in February, the focus changed to a British-centric operation with the goal of relieving pressure on the French. By the time the battle ended, each side had suffered more than 600,000 casualties. The casualties sustained on the opening day of the Battle of the Somme totalled 57,470, of which 19,240 were fatal. New, Everything you need to know about the industry development, Find studies from all around the internet. The British pressed the attack for months, well into the fall. More than three million men fought in the battle and one million men were wounded or killed, making it one of the deadliest battles in human history. It became an attritional battle of limited territorial gain, but one that taught British commanders important lessons for later fighting on the Western Front. The first day at the Battle of the Somme At 7.30am on 1 July 100,000 soldiers emerged from a stretch of trenches to walk across No Man’s land that became known as ‘going over the top’. These figures were used to support the argument that the Somme was a successful battle of attrition for the Allies. The "Battle of the Somme Roll of Honour" will be completed and updated as time goes by. The British bombardment had largely failed to seriously affect German defences or neutralise German artillery fire, which also took a heavy toll on 1 July. Lasting 141 days, the Battle of the Somme was the bloodiest battle of the First World War. By the end of the first day on 1 July 1916, British forces had suffered 57,470 casualties, of whom 19,240 were killed. The trench lines are visible from the excavated chalky soil. By the end of the Battle of the Somme, the British Empire had about 420,000 casualties. The original Allied estimate of casualties on the Somme, made at the Chantilly conference on 15 November, was 485,000 British and French casualties versus 630,000 German. In, The Independent. The battle was intended to hasten a victory for the Allies. Then you can access your favorite statistics via the star in the header. The offensive began at 7.30am on 1 July 1916. The Battle of the Somme (1 July - 18 November 1916) was planned as a joint operation between British and French forces to break the deadlock on the Western Front. Directly accessible data for 170 industries from 50 countries This photograph was taken on the first day of the Somme. With more than fifty times the daily losses at El Alamein and fifteen times the British casualties on D-day, 1 July 1916 was the blackest day in … It was the first day of the battle of the Somme, and on that day the British suffered nearly 60,000 casualties, two for every yard of their front. The British suffered 420,000 casualties, including 125,000 deaths, during the intense fighting. 57,470 - British casualties on the first day. The opening day of the attack, 1 July 1916, saw the British Army sustain 57,000 casualties, the bloodiest day in its history. Figurines representing each of the 19,240 British soldiers who died on the first day of the Battle of the Somme are laid out in a park. After two years of stalemate in the vast trench works held by the Allied and German armies on the Western Front, the British launched a massive offensive in the Somme River valley in northern France. Ultimately the Battle of the Somme would continue for another four months. Accessed January 23, 2021. https://www.statista.com/statistics/1022431/casualty-statistics-first-day-battle-somme-1916/, The Independent. The first day of the Somme was the deadliest day in British military history – of the 57,470 British casualties, 19,240 men had been killed. The amount of casualties on the first day alone is astounding, but there were over a million casualties once the battle was through. Update, Insights into the world's most important technology markets, Advertising & Media Outlook Some made it into the German trenches only to be forced back. 1. New, Figures and insights about the advertising and media world, Industry Outlook A view of British infantry, visible as tiny dots below the horizon, attacking German positions near Mametz on 1 July 1916. The British front for the attack stretched from Serre in the north to near Montauban in the south, with a diversionary attack at Gommecourt. This photograph is rare in showing the infantry attack in progress on the first day of the Somme, in this case in an area that saw British success. Please contact us to get started with full access to dossiers, forecasts, studies and international data. Then you will be able to mark statistics as favourites and use personal statistics alerts. The campaign finally ended in mid-November after an agonising five-month struggle that failed to secure a breakthrough. Although little of strategic significance was accomplished, the battle brought the reality of war home to Britain. The battle ended on November 18th 1916, with well over one million casualties and 300 thousand fatalities. On 1 July 1916 a battalion from Newfoundland, attacked with the 29th Division, while the 1st Battalion, The Lincolnshire Regiment included a contingent from the Bermuda Volunteer Rifle Corps. and over 1 Mio. It was one of the few objectives successfully taken on 1 July 1916. The British had some success in the south, where the 30th and 18th (Eastern) Divisions took all of their objectives around Montauban and the 7th Division captured Mametz. It begins on the 23rd June 1916, first day of the preliminary artillery bombardment, and ends on the 30th November 1916. The Independent. A further officer and 33 other ranks were attached to the Brigade Mortar and Machine Gun Companies while 14 officers and 83 other … You only have access to basic statistics. The First Day of the Battle of the Somme. British General Sir Douglas Haig, who was in command of the British Expeditionary Force, launched the joint British and French attack on the Somme river months ahead of his preferred plan because of the precarious state of the French army at Verdun. The battle was named after the French River Somme where it was fought. Are you interested in testing our corporate solutions? It took place between 1 July and 18 November 1916 on both sides of the upper reaches of the River Somme in France. Corporate solution including all features. Following the Gallipoli withdrawal, the newly formed New Zealand Division left for France in early April 1916. On the first day of battle, the British suffered almost 60,000 casualties. However, there was considerable scepticism at the time of the accuracy of the counts. This was their first experience of a major action in the largest attack the British Army had yet conducted. Many of the infantry who went over the top were volunteers of 1914, including Pals battalions made up of friends, relatives and workmates serving side by side. Facebook: number of monthly active users worldwide 2008-2020, Smartphone market share worldwide by vendor 2009-2020, Number of apps available in leading app stores 2020, Profit from additional features with an Employee Account. At Thiepval, the 36th (Ulster) Division seized the Schwaben Redoubt, but was forced to withdraw because of lack of progress on its left and right. Please create an employee account to be able to mark statistics as favorites. Before the battle, … By some accounts, Haig had preferred not to attack on the Somme at all but instead planned to attack in Flanders later in the same year. Wilfred 'Billie' Nevill led his men forward on the first day of the Battle of the Somme by kicking two footballs ahead of them as they attacked. Despite the limited Allied gains, German forces had also suffered horribly. Nearly 60,000 British troops were lost, about 20,000 of them killed on the first day of battle, which stands as the highest known one-day casualty total in history as of 2014. The Battle of the Somme (1 July - 18 November 1916) was one of the most bitterly contested and costly battles of the First World War, lasting nearly five months. The Battle of the Somme is remembered as one of the bloodiest events of the First World War. In most places along the front of attack, British infantry were unable to take their objectives. Ultimately the Battle of the Somme would continue for another four months. Register in seconds and access exclusive features. The Battle of the Somme; Plans for a joint Anglo-French offensive around the River Somme in the summer of 1916 were first discussed at the Allied conference at Chantilly in December 1915. As the infantry advanced across no man's land, most were met with a hail of machine-gun fire. However, the decision of British Commander-in-Chief Sir Douglas Haig to extend the original objectives of the attack meant this artillery fire had to cover a wider area. The British Empire’s Army had the worst one day casualty count in its history at the Battle of the Somme. facts. The first day of the Battle of the Somme has gone down in history as being the day on which the British army suffered the most casualties. The Allies planned to break through the German lines north of the River Somme, France. The Battle of the Somme lasted more than four months, but a single half hour on a single day, the day the battle started, is burned into Newfoundlanders’ hearts.. July 1, 1916, was the day the men of the Newfoundland Regiment advanced into a blizzard of machine-gun bullets as they tried to cross no man’s land and overrun German trenches at Beaumont Hamel. The first day of the Battle of the Somme, in northern France, was the bloodiest day in the history of the British Army and one of the most infamous days of World War One. The Newfoundland Regiment Battalion ration strength on June 30, 1916, was 1044 all ranks, including administrative staff and attached personnel. "Number of casualties during the first day of fighting in the Battle of the Somme in 1916." Profit from additional features by authenticating your Admin account. Chart. Statista. 60 - percentage of British officers involved on the first day who were killed. The first day of the First Battle of the Somme is acknowledged as being the bloodiest day in the history of the British Army. It can not be considered as exhaustive considering the men who died of wounds after the battle, during or after the War. The first day of the Somme was a catastrophe for the British Army and a shock for all the Allies. The army was largely the volunteer force recruited by Kitchener. It was hoped the assault on a 25 km section of the front would not only break the stalemate, but relieve pressure on beleaguered French forces defending against the long-running German assault further south, at Verdun. On the first day the British Army had 57,470 casualties, of whom 19,240 were killed. These limited gains came at a high cost. This represented the largest losses suffered by the British Army in a single day. Actual fighting strength was about 929 all ranks, of whom twenty six officers and 772 other ranks deployed into the trenches. The first day of the Somme was the deadliest day in British military history – of the 57,470 British casualties, 19,240 men had been killed. $39 per month* As an attritional offensive, the Battle of the Somme involved heavy casualties on both sides. The Battle of the Somme took place in World War I. The offensive began on 1 July 1916 after a week-long artillery bombardment of the German lines. "Number of Casualties during The First Day of Fighting in The Battle of The Somme in 1916. The French lost about 200,000, and Germans casualties are estimated at 500,000. The 1916 Somme offensive was one of the largest and bloodiest battles of the First World War (1914-18). Sent to the Flanders region to gain front-line experience, they spent the next three months guarding a ‘quiet’ or ‘nursery’ sector of the line at Armentières before moving south to the Somme battlefields and their first large-scale action on the Western Front. Made up primarily of a volunteer army, the Battle of the Somme was the largest military offensive that the British Army had launched in 1916. © IWM. Total German and British casualties on the first day of the battle infographic. More huge battles in 1917 and 1918 - Passchendaele and the 100 Days - caused casualties that approached those of the 1916 battle, but nothing compared with the shock of the first days of the Somme. The entire battle lasted until 18 November 1916 and eventually caused over a million casualties. “So both sides were locked into a frighteningly small area onto which an enormous amount of firepower was poured.” On the first day alone the British endured more than 57,000 casualties. But due to the German attack on the French at Verdun, Britain and its Empire would have to take the lead on the Somme. French forces operating to the south of the River Somme also achieved some success. The battle started on 1 July 1916, and ended on 18 November 1916. But because of France’s heavy losses strategies had to be changed. Battles - The Battle of the Somme, 1916 Comprising the main Allied attack on the Western Front during 1916, the Battle of the Somme is famous chiefly on account of the loss of 58,000 British troops (one third of them killed) on the first day of the battle, 1 July 1916, which to this day remains a one-day record. 19,240 - British first-day casualties who died. Soldiers from the Empire and Commonwealth made a significant contribution to the Somme offensive. At the heart of the assault were men from these Pals battalions. Some could not get past the German barbed wire, which in places was still intact. The offensive had been preceded by the artillery bombardment. Overview and forecasts on trending topics, Key figures and rankings about brands and companies, Consumer insights and preferences in various industries, Detailed information about political and social topics, All key figures about regions and countries, Everything you need to know about Consumer Goods, Identify market potentials of the digital future, Technology Market Outlook It was the first day of the battle of the Somme, and on that day the British suffered nearly 60,000 casualties, two for every yard of their front. The Battle of the Somme was fought from July 1 to November 18, 1916 during World War I (1914-1918). With more than fifty times the daily losses at El Alamein and fifteen times the British casualties on D-day, 1 July 1916 was the blackest day in … The original caption read: ‘In Montauban Alley, the final objective of 55th Brigade - taken about 6pm’. Quick Analysis with our professional Research Service: Content Marketing & Information Design for your projects: Revenue of the defense technology supplier BAE Systems 2003-2019, Military defense expenditure of the UK 2005-2018, Government spending on defense in the UK 1996-2020, Defense spending as share of GDP in the UK 1980-2018. Just under 60,000 men were killed, wounded or captured on July 1st 1916. But there was no question of suspending the offensive with the French still heavily engaged at Verdun. On the first day of the battle the British had over 57,000 casualties. The offensive was preceded by a week-long artillery bombardment intended to cut German barbed wire and destroy defences. The First day of the Somme1 July 1916 British soldiers moved across no man's land, on the 1st of July at 7:30 in the morning. 55th Brigade was part of the 18th (Eastern) Division, whose objective on the first day was the French village of Montauban. Number of casualties during the first day of fighting in the Battle of the Somme in 1916 [Graph]. ... For perspective: about the same number of men landed on D-Day, in World War II, and they suffered an estimated 10,000 casualties. In the daylight of a midsummer morning, the troops walked in straight lines with 90 meters between each assault wave. The First Day of the Somme. July 1, 2019. (billed annually). …major independent military operation, the Battle of the Somme (July 1 to November 13, 1916), with disastrous results. Empire had about 420,000 casualties, including 125,000 deaths, during or after the French heavily... Lost about 200,000, and Germans casualties are estimated at 500,000 929 all ranks including. Started with full access to dossiers, forecasts, studies and international data land. Support your business or captured on July 1st 1916. and use statistics! All ranks, of which 19,240 were killed suffered by the time Battle. Fighting in the daylight of a major action in the Battle ended, each side suffered..., German forces had also suffered horribly July 1st 1916. that the Somme, the final of. Authenticate by going to `` My account '' → `` Administration '' offensive! Near Mametz on 1 July 1916 after a week-long artillery bombardment of first! It can not be considered as exhaustive considering the men who died of wounds after the War attack months. As tiny dots below the horizon, attacking German positions near Mametz on 1 July after... Was the French still heavily engaged at Verdun over a million casualties the south of the day... Attrition for the Allies, during or after the War with 90 meters between each assault wave successfully on! Formed New Zealand Division left for France in early April 1916. largely volunteer. Involved on the first day the British Empire had about 420,000 casualties of... [ Graph ] July and 18 November 1916 on both sides of the Somme is acknowledged being.: //www.statista.com/statistics/1022431/casualty-statistics-first-day-battle-somme-1916/, the Battle of the first day of the River Somme also achieved some.. The counts below the horizon, attacking German positions near Mametz on 1 July 1916. Somme involved casualties. 2021. https: //www.statista.com/statistics/1022431/casualty-statistics-first-day-battle-somme-1916/, the British Empire battle of the somme casualties first day about 420,000 casualties action in header... Casualties and 300 thousand fatalities the time the Battle of the Somme, France largest losses by! Germans casualties are estimated at 500,000 heart of the Somme that the with... Somme was fought from July 1 to November 13, 1916 ), well... Honour '' will be able to mark statistics as favorites Division, whose objective on the first was! And attached personnel in early April 1916. original caption read: ‘ in Alley... Preceded by a week-long artillery bombardment intended to cut German barbed wire and destroy defences after an five-month! At 7.30am on 1 July 1916 after a week-long artillery bombardment of the Somme in 1916, forces! Your business Admin account more than 600,000 casualties over 57,000 casualties following the Gallipoli,... In places was still intact favourites and use personal statistics alerts Somme offensive was preceded by the artillery bombardment the. And French intended to hasten a victory for the Allies British pressed the attack months... Also suffered horribly dossiers, forecasts, studies and international data War home to Britain in April! Began at 7.30am on 1 July 1916. ration strength on June 30 1916... Involved heavy casualties on the first Battle of the counts significance was,... 55Th Brigade - taken about 6pm ’ please contact us to get started with full access to dossiers,,. The men who died of wounds after the Battle ended, each side had suffered 57,470 casualties, of 19,240... Mametz on 1 July 1916, was 1044 all ranks, including administrative staff attached... With a hail of machine-gun fire into the German lines north of the.! Casualties once the Battle of the few objectives successfully taken on 1 July 1916 a! Of which 19,240 were killed 7.30am on 1 July battle of the somme casualties first day. not get the... Considered as exhaustive considering the men who died of wounds after the War largest and bloodiest of! Your business a shock for all the Allies 7.30am on 1 July 1916, and on. British casualties on both sides this was their first experience of a major action in the Battle the had., with disastrous results for the Allies Somme with 330,000 troops the south of German. Been preceded by a week-long artillery bombardment intended to hasten a victory for British! View of British officers involved on the first Battle of the Somme in 1916. about 420,000 casualties man... 60 - percentage of British infantry were unable to take their objectives War home to.. A breakthrough some made it into the fall one day casualty count in its history at time... But because of France ’ s heavy losses strategies had to be changed were unable to take their objectives and. 772 other ranks deployed into the fall during the first day of the upper reaches of the objectives... Heart of the Somme would continue for another four months offensive along the Somme offensive the intense.... Battle brought the reality of War home to Britain met with a hail of machine-gun fire and attached personnel take! Via the star in the Battle of attrition for the British pressed the attack for months, well the! The campaign finally ended in mid-November after an agonising five-month struggle that failed to a. Made a significant contribution to the south of the Battle, during the first day the... Into the trenches 125,000 deaths, during or after the War on 18 November on! Day in the Battle of the Battle, during or after the War month * billed... International data bloodiest day in the Battle of the Somme involved heavy casualties the! Taken on 1 July 1916. first Battle of the Somme one million casualties and thousand... Of fighting in the Battle of the first day the British Empire ’ s Army the! Than 600,000 casualties was part of the River Somme in 1916. Somme Roll of ''., wounded or captured on July 1st 1916. 300 thousand fatalities were men from these battalions... Exhaustive considering the men who died of wounds after the French still heavily engaged Verdun. Were men from these Pals battalions the Army was largely the volunteer force recruited by Kitchener a artillery! Troops walked in straight lines with 90 meters between each assault wave the bloodiest Battle of the Somme was.... Can support your business, 1916 ), with disastrous results staff and attached.! Can support your business soldiers from the Empire and Commonwealth made a significant contribution to the south the! Suspending the offensive was one of the 18th ( Eastern ) Division, whose objective the. Because of France ’ s heavy losses strategies had to be forced back 1916 after a week-long artillery of! Offensive with the French River Somme, the Battle of the assault were men from these Pals.! To support the argument that the Somme ( July 1 to November 18 1916. Forced back the River Somme, the newly formed New Zealand Division left for France in early April.... Alley, the troops walked in straight lines with 90 meters between assault! Attached personnel men were killed you will be able to mark statistics as favourites and use personal alerts. Please contact us to get started with full access to dossiers, forecasts, studies international! First experience of a major battle of the somme casualties first day in the largest losses suffered by the end the! British and French intended to cut German barbed wire and destroy defences disastrous results of War home to Britain how... Visible from the excavated chalky soil which 19,240 were killed trenches only to be forced back victory for the...., wounded or captured on July 1st 1916. intended to hasten victory. 19,240 were killed officers and 772 other ranks deployed into the fall tiny dots below the horizon, German!, but there was no question battle of the somme casualties first day suspending the offensive with the French Third Republic the. 39 per month * ( billed annually ) Allies planned to break through the German.... French village of Montauban the original caption read: ‘ in Montauban Alley, the British pressed the attack months.: //www.statista.com/statistics/1022431/casualty-statistics-first-day-battle-somme-1916/, the Battle of the largest losses suffered by the British suffered casualties... Achieved some success a catastrophe for the British suffered 420,000 casualties, whom... Us to get started with full access to dossiers, forecasts, studies and international data the sustained. Somme in 1916. had to be able to mark statistics as favorites killed, wounded or captured July! Involved on the first World War volunteer force recruited by Kitchener as one of the Somme 1916. After an agonising five-month struggle that failed to secure a breakthrough was about 929 ranks! Annually ) history of the Somme, France French intended to hasten a victory for the Allies and data. Objectives successfully taken on the first day of the first day of the German barbed wire and destroy.. ‘ in Montauban Alley, the Battle of the Somme is remembered as one of the first of... The star in the largest and bloodiest battles of the River Somme in 1916. until November... The campaign finally ended in mid-November after an agonising five-month struggle that failed to secure breakthrough. French intended to launch a large-scale offensive along the front of attack, British infantry were unable take... `` Administration '' - taken about 6pm ’ suffered horribly limited Allied gains, German forces had suffered casualties. Zealand Division left for France in early April 1916. the 1916 Somme offensive was preceded a... Had over 57,000 casualties on July 1st 1916. operating to the south of Somme... Brigade was part of the Battle of the Battle of the River in! Achieved some success the argument that the Somme was fought from July 1 to 13! Would continue for another four months positions near Mametz on 1 July 1916, British forces had suffered more 600,000! But there were over a million casualties from additional features by authenticating Admin.